A Masterpiece of 112 techniques of meditation.
The veneration of Lord Shiva is called Shaivism; Shiva means auspicious, gracious, kind and friendly, more generally, the auspicious one. He is worshipped across Hinduism that originated in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.
Shaivism, like all other traditions has different schools of thought that have their own interpretations, explanations, theories and Philosophies; they also have very large volumes of texts emanating from all the schools and their traditional perspectives.
The prominent source of recognition of a follower of Shaivism is the sacred Ash or Vibhooti that is smeared on their forehead.
Among these multiple schools of Shaivism, is a most renowned school called Trika that falls under the general nomenclature of Kashmir Shaivism; the most remarkable and potent text of this school is the “Vigyan Bhairav Tantra” also called the Vijñāna Bhairava Tantra.
Vigyaan Bhairava tantra
Whenever meditation is the subject, it is taken for granted that the Vigyaan Bhairava Tantra will find a prominent mention; this is because the sages believed that the text which is more than 5000 years old is the final word on meditation techniques and practices.
It is in the form of an interaction between lord Shiva and Parvati who is called Devi or Shakti and encompasses the presentation of 112 Dharanas which are a potent set of centering techniques or strategies of meditation.
The 112 techniques were in the form of a series of replies that Shiva provides to Devi (or Parvati) when she queried him on the way to realize the true essence of the ultimate reality.
The answers that Shiva provided to her are 112 ways to achieve transcendental state of consciousness. All the important texts of Kashmir Shaivism are replete with multiple references to the Vigyaan Bhairava Tantra indicating its significance in shaping their philosophy.
These powerful techniques come in several forms and variations in awareness of breathing, chanting and non-dual awareness which are actually techniques to imagine, visualize and contemplate through each of senses.
It seems that there is no meditation technique that is not included in this amazing text that first made its appearance through the Kashmir Series of Text and Studies (KSTS) in 1918. It consisted of two volumes of commentaries, one by Kshemaraja and Shivopadhyay while the other is by Ananda Bhatta.
But, it grabbed worldwide attention when the book Zen flesh, Zen Bones by Paul Reps carried an English translation; in the Indian perspective, Osho has come up with a voluminous set of commentaries.
Since times immemorial humans have strived to achieve both the knowledge and the means to appease the gods, the angels and the other higher forces that would aid them in achieving the desired powers and gifts, whether in kind or otherwise.
This general analogy may not really be sufficient to adequately cover the true impact of the various practices and travails that are instrumental in appeasing the powers that be and those that are imagined. Meditation has been acknowledged as the means to opening the most difficult doors that would help you attain peaks of spiritual excellence that you seek; one name that is the ultimate in the field is Vigyaan Bhairava Tantra.
In fact, the whole subject has developed to a deep, powerful, and potent science that is too vast for most of us to comprehend. But, there are many ways and means as taught by the sages and saints through the history of mankind; they comprise of Yantras, Tantras, Sadhanas, Yogic kriyas, Tapasya ( including meditation), penances and many more.
A person goes to great lengths to achieve his desires and goals and meditation is one of the most effective and time-tested methods that has withstood the various tests of time across the millennia in the practices of saints, sages, tantrics and occult practitioners.
The importance of a Guru
What you need to know first is that you cannot transgress the forces of nature.The techniques enunciated in the Vigyaan Bhairava Tantra should never be practiced without having access to, and being under the authoritative guidance of, a master; otherwise, it is possible that you may make some mistake in the techniques that may harm you either physically, mentally or both the ways; some of these may even result in irreparable damage.
Since the successful practice of these techniques is rather difficult, it entails that before going in for taking up these techniques, there should be a complete understanding about which of these techniques are the most apt for that practitioner; here comes the role the Guru.
If you are interested to learn about such practices, the phenomena and the science behind it that will result in your achieving what you seek. However, the knowledge of the various processes and results varies from guru to guru; each according to his own area of expertise and practice.
There is no doubt that the Vigyaan Bhairava Tantra is a text that empowers you to meditate and gain the various anchors and processes involved in meditation, the answer would be the book that is unbeatable in the insights that it provides into the anchors.
It is like an encyclopedia of meditative practices all of which vary in depth ranging from simple methods to some amazingly tricky ones that require a person to possess a very high level of expertise to even attempt to perform them. As a matter of fact, Vigyaan Bhairava Tantra contains some advanced techniques that are simply out of the realm of techniques that can be practiced by the modern persons.
Experts opine that such tough techniques might remain unconquerable for centuries to come; such is the requirement for a human being to be able to perform them.
Venus is devoted to the positive task of merging and uniting different forces, feelings and entities to ensure the completeness of things to create harmony and restore stability. It is Venus that causes the creation of love for others and for the beautiful feelings and things, cooperation, relating to others.
Since Venus denotes love and affection it symbolizes all the qualities that are connected to these emotions and reactions in a native:
- Personal magnetism,
- Love and romance,
- Beauty and sex,
- Dance and other forms of recreations,
- Wealth and knowledge,
- Social urges,
- Artistic acumen,
- High moral values,
- Sensuality and lust,
- Bonding energy,
- Love for money,
- Merger of hearts and souls
However, in the physical body, Venus rules:
- The Urinary Tract,
- The Kidneys,
- The venous system and the blood,
- The Larynx,
- The throat, and
- The general physical appeal and sexual magnetism.
As for physically observing Venus, It is not very difficult to find and recognize the morning star in the early morning sky towards the North.
While it displays his visions of the woman, he seeks or generally his better half or his sexual playmate and rules the cherished values and enjoyment that he derives from sexual union, it is Venus that enriches life and makes it worth living.
The two zodiac signs that Venus governs are Libra and Taurus; it remains exalted in Pisces while it is seen to remain debilitated in Virgo.
Professions ruled by Venus
Venus being a planet of abundance, the occupations and professions covered by it are indeed immensely varied and attractive; they include the following:
- Literature, Music, Theatre, Cinema, poetry
- Film industry, Sex industry,
- Photography, paintings and other creative pursuits,
- Readymade garments,
- Textile industry,
- Food, Hotels and Restaurants,
- Travel Industry, Tourism,
- Beauty Parlors, Cosmetics industry, costumes, and
- Jewelry industry.
Venus is the unique planet that is retrograde for the least time among all the planets in the Solar System; it goes retrograde once every nineteen months for a period of six weeks at a time; thus, it is retrograde for only about 7% of the time.
But, it’s retro gradation is that much more significant; its retrograde state can be observed from the native’s chart when its and minutes have an Rx sign just inside the degrees in a native’s astrological chart.
When thus affected, the native shave to explore and utilize their relationships and assess the values that they can derive; in effect, they have to plan the advantages that each relationship can provide to them over the course of time. This may have some adverse reactions from the spouse or your sexual partner but patience is strongly advised.
Taurus and Libra are ruled by Venus; in Libra, Venus lends harmony, stability and they joy of love since it is cultured and aesthetic there while the other, more practical and down to earth face of Venus can be seen in Taurus.
In Taurus, it brings us face to face with all the materialistic, sensual and earthy values that we possess; it also apprises us of the values that possess and attract through ownership according to our free will.
Through this principle, since we are drawing and accumulating to ourselves, the retrograde position of Venus leads us to experience hardships in finances as also in love.
It is therefore not rare to learn the essential meaning of sharing and giving in this period.
In terms of body parts ruled, Venus is the ruler of the following:
- Semen and sexual organs,
- Urinary tract,
- Venous system,
- Chemistry of physical attraction,
Own signs (Rashi) are Libra and Taurus
Own day is Friday.
Direction is South East (Agney).
Orbiting time for each Zodiac sign is 28 days.
Orbiting time for complete Zodiac is 11 months.
Special Features Fashionable, Sexual pleasure.
Color is White.
Friendly Planets Rahu, Saturn, Mercury.
Enemy Planets are Moon and Sun.
Neutral Planet is Jupiter and Mars.
Exalted in Pisces.
Debilitated in Virgo.
Favorable Metals is Silver.
Precious Stone is Diamond.
If well placed it gives wealth and prosperity, Beauty.
If adversely place it gives a perverted nature, aloof, lazy disposition.
Body parts ruled Throat, Urinary tract, Semen, sexual organs.
Diseases given by Venus Impotency, Frigidity and Genital problems.
It gains its prominence and status from it being the largest of all the planets in the Solar System; this is also borne by its astrological significance. Jupiter symbolizes an expansive tendency in both the spiritual and physical aspects:
- Mind and wisdom: It expands the knowledge of the native to high levels of the philosophy and super conscious realms and also Vedic astrology,
- Physical horizons: The expansion in this case is achieved through gaining weight or having a large build and through undertaking long journeys and gaining knowledge.
Jupiter in astrology
Due to its optimistic and generous disposition, it has been equated to a Santa Claus of the Cosmos but when it is in the hard aspects it can easily make you:
- Exhibitionist or a showoff,
- Boastful and conceited.
Hard aspects The hard aspects of Jupiter can be related to:
- The Sun,
- The Moon,
When in the hard aspects Jupiter creates:
Resolution of the hard aspect results in the release and availability of beneficial energies of these planets.
Jupiter is a highly favorable planet that actually represents:
- Wealth and
- Higher spiritual knowledge.
It is also the true guru, the guide and promoter, the resourceful conman or the marketing whiz or the gambler or hustler too and this quality bestows on the native with idealism, wisdom, understanding and aspirations of truth.
Its symbol is quite representative being composed of the crescent of personality that is uplifted or elevated by the cross of matter; it denotes categorically, the native’s rise beyond earthly considerations through his enlightened grasp of things.
Saturn is these experiences and tests, and the channel of acquiring the vital wisdom; therefore, their two symbols are reverse of each other and Saturn is the conductor of the tests.
In the physical body, Jupiter rules:
- The Pituitary glands, and
- The large intestine.
If the position of Jupiter is analyzed as per each house, it will easily lead to understanding as to how your ethical thoughts and social activities are shaped. Your social values and principles are given shape by your religious, social and ethical training.
A retrograde Jupiter in a person’s chart makes him:
- A pessimist,
- A depressed person,
- Lethargic and lazy, and
- In a perpetual state of exhaustion.
The ruler of Sagittarius, Jupiter has both a lower and a higher version of manifestation; that is why, the Sagittarians, who are having the half-man and half-beast mentality always have internal strife as to which version will assert itself.
When Jupiter is in a favorable place, he has the benefic power to reduce the derogatory effects of the planets that are malefic.
In the astrological chart of a woman, the Jupiter serves as a Karak of the husband and, when positioned favorably, it provides the joys of a happily married life providing a blissful union and relationship. When the placement of Jupiter is not favorable, it makes the woman obstinate and uncooperative creating arguments and quarrels while maintaining a continuous state of discord in the marital life.
If placed in the 12th house of a native, Jupiter provides moksha or salvation after his death.
If Jupiter happens to be well placed:
- As per the signs I.e. Pisces, Sagittarius or Cancer,
- As also in Libra, Aquarius or Scorpio,
- Or, in houses fourth, tenth, twelfth, ninth, eight, first, second or third.
Or, if it is well-aspected, it can indicate a deeper understanding, general good fortune, abundance and educations through travel.
If Jupiter is poorly positioned or if it is afflicted, it may give you the following traits:
- Avarice and greed,
- Wasteful habits,
- Indiscriminate Sensuality,
- Dilettante or,
- A wanderer.
This is the reason for the struggle within since Jupiter riles Sagittarius emphasizing all it positives, it is also a co-ruler with Neptune of Pisces and, in Cancer, it is exalted; this is where its principle of mothering or nurturing is developed.
Own sign (Rashi) are Pisces and Sagittarius.
Own day is Thursday
Direction is North-East (Ishana).
Orbiting time for each Zodiac sign is thirteen months.
Orbiting time for complete Zodiac is twelve years.
Special Features Knowledge.
Color is Yellow.
Friendly Planets are Mars, Moon and Sun.
Enemy Planets are Venus and Mercury.
Neutral Planet are Rahu and Saturn.
Exalted in Cancer.
Debilitated in Capricorn
Favorable Metals is Gold.
Precious Stone is Yellow Sapphire.
If well placed it gives Prosperity, Son, Wisdom, and Education.
If adversely place it gives arrogance.
Representation Elderly and Teachers (Gurus).
Body parts ruled Large Intestines, Liver.
Diseases given by Jupiter Ear problems, Cough, Inflammation, jaundice.
The planets that we have seen till now are actual physical entities that have an effect on the human lives according to the placement of those planets in their astrological charts. But, there are two entities that are not physical planets; rather, they are in the form of shadowy planets or nodes and are known to exert vital influences on the lives of the natives.
Rahu is known to be a dirty planet causing unforeseen delays and hurdles and prompting the native to be lazy and living in filth.
He takes about 18 months to transit each sign of the zodiac.
These two nodes do not have any size or shape like other planets but the impact that it has on the lives of human beings can be very great.
The story behind Rahu, Ketu and the eclipses.
It is said that there was an episode called Amrit manthan which included churning the sea to derive nectar which was required by both the Gods and the Demons so that they may become immortal. But the intentions of both the armies were dishonest and they wanted to dupe the other army to pool in their manpower but drink the nectar themselves to achieve immortality.
When the nectar obtained from the churning of the sea was being consumed by the gods, a demon who was quite powerful sat between the Son and the Moon in disguise as a god but they recognized him and revealed him to Lord Vishnu; Lord Vishnu used his Sudarshan Chakra and severed his body near the throat.
But, by then the Demon had consumed enough nectar to become immortal; the portion of the head was called Rahu and the hind portion was called Ketu.
Astronomically, the point where the Moon and the Sun intersect in the North is called Rahu or the North Node while the point in the south is called Ketu or the South Node.
It is belived that this enmity has continued over the ages and whenever they are near, the Sun and the Moon are swallowed by their enemies, Rahu and Ketu causing Solar and Lunar eclipses.
The node called Rahu does not have any zodiac sign assigned to it and is known in Hindu mythology to represent the head of the dragon; in effect, this planet is known to govern the following traits in a native:
- Ego, anger and moods,
- Lust and sex,
- Black magic and other negative habits,
The derogatory effects seen due to the unfavorable placement of Rahu in your astrological chart may have the following significant effects:
- Brutal and violent nature,
- Darkness, gambling, and
- Concealed money.
There is also a daily period of time called Rahukaal which Indian astrology consider as totally inauspicious for initiating any new event or activity since Rahu is supposed to be malefic during this period every day.
The science of astrology in India calculates this rahukaal (or, period of Rahu) for each place according to the time of Sunrise and Sunset. The calculation is quite simple if you know the exact timing of these two events.
You first need to divide this daylight time into eight segments and one of these eight segments will be designated as Rahukaal as per your location on that day. So, on different days, Rahukaal will fall at different parts of the day; this time is particularly inauspicious hence these periods are picked up and avoided for new ventures etc.
The internet has various sites that will calculate the period of Rahukaal within seconds. It is also referred to as Raahuykaalam, Vishaghati or Yamagandakaalam and is daily different according to the difference in planetary configurations.
The first good thing that a favorably placed Rahu provides a native is a long journey
Vedic astrology depicts Rahu as a dragon that rides a chariot driven by eight black horses; while he does not own any zodiac sign, he can still become the lord of any house; he bears enmity with Cancer and Leo.
Rahu represents the paternal grandfather or other very old persons.
A malefic Rahu makes people:
- Evil thoughts,
- Travels in mountains and forests,
- Get imprisoned, or
- Enjoy the assets of others like official car or rented home.
Western astrologers also consider rahu as a benefic planet.
Own sign (Rashi) is Scorpio and Aries.
Direction is North Lunar node.
Orbiting time for each Zodiac sign is 18 months.
Orbiting time for complete Zodiac is 18 years.
Nature is hostile, furious and dirty.
Color is grey, black.
Friendly Planets are Saturn, Venus and Saturn.
Enemy Planets are Sun, Mars and Moon.
Neutral Planet is Jupiter.
Exalted in Taurus.
Debiliteted in Sagittarius.
Favorable Metals are Graphite and Lead.
Precious Stone is Hassonite.
If well placed it gives status, wealth and prosperity.
If adversely place it gives jealousy and arrogance.
Representation is for very old people.
Diseases given by Rahu are
- Paranormal activity,
- Snake bites, and
Among the planets that are visible to us with the naked eye, Saturn happens to be the last although, on a clear day, Uranus is also known to be visible occasionally. This makes it represent the limits of our limitations in:
- The distance that our eyes can see,
- The body (mainly the Skin), and
- The personal actions that we may undertake (the law keeper of Karma).
Saturn is the lord of your karma since it gives back to you according to:
- What you have done or not done,
- What you may have done right or wrong or deceitfully, or
- What you sowed and you will now reap.
As far as Karma is concerned, Saturn is said to be the guardian of the doors of the heavens therefore to reach a superior state of consciousness (represented by Uranus, Neptune and Pluto), you need to pass through the rings of the judgment (of Saturn) of your Karma.
Thus, as the Karmic judge, Saturn does not allow you to attain higher consciousness unless your karma in your personal history is right.
Saturn has a unique quality that its movement is quite slow in so much as it occupies each zodiac sign for about two and a half year; this attribute is due to its great distance from the Earth but it is visible due to its massive size.
Saturn is a cold and dry planet and represents aged people; he was born to Chhaya and Lord Surya but does not have cordial relations with his father.
In fact, astrologically speaking, Saturn is malefic in nature but the favorable placement on the astrological chart provides an abundance of status, fame and prosperity.
But, its adverse placement on a native’s chart can be the factor responsible for:
- Persistent hurdles,
Longevity is provided by Lord Shani if placed reasonably in a native horoscope.
- Tests and
- Teachers and school,
- Old age,
In the physical body, it controls the following parts:
- The skin,
- The bones, all the large bones in the body are under its control,
- The teeth
In the physical body it rules the skin, bones, teeth, knees and ears.
Above all, Saturn who is represented numerically by the numeral 8 is not only a teacher who teaches and punishes a student according to his performance and deeds.
No wonder he is a strict and discipline-enforcing planet and is particularly harsh against those that are erratic in their conduct; it is also known that Saturn gives severe and long-lasting diseases which are quite troublesome at times.
Lord of justice
Saturn in its role as a justifier also makes you work hard to achieve what you strive for since it keeps testing your tenacity and discipline; learned scholars interpret it as a testing time for you. The positions depicted in your chart indicate the lessons that you have to take to fulfill your responsibilities and gain rewards.
Saturn is the ruler of Capricorn where it provides power and responsibility if it is not afflicted; it being exalted in Libra which is the zodiac sign for cooperation, union and marriage. When it enters Aries, it is known to purge energy and makes a native selfish to the core. All the items on or below the surface of the Earth are under the control of Saturn, particularly Iron and other mining items.
A person facing hardships in Mars turns towards dacoit and thefts but in Saturn, it is spiritual matters and soul searching that is done by the native undergoing hardships.
Own day is Saturday.Own signs (Rashi) are Aquarius and Capricorn.
Direction is West.
Orbiting time for each Zodiac sign is two and a half year.
Orbiting time for complete Zodiac is days.
Special Features Hurdles,
Color is Blue.
Friendly Planets Rahu, Venus, Mercury
Enemy Planets are Mars, Sun and Moon.
Neutral Planet is Jupiter.
Exalted in Libra.
Debilitated in Aries.
Favorable Metals is Iron .
Precious Stone is Blue Saphire.
If well placed it gives status, wealth, Land.
If adversely placed it gives arrogance and poverty.
Represents Elderly, servants, seniors.
Body parts ruled legs and nervous system.
Mercury is the planet that is closest to the Sun. Its symbol represents all the three symbols that are used in astrology,
- The cross manifestation of the Earth,
- The circle of spirit, and
- The uplifted crescent depicting an elevated personality.
It is neither a feminine planet nor a masculine one and has the habit of reflecting everything that it comes across; that is why it is said that it is Silver. The amount and complexity of your consciousness is directly proportional to the number of aspects that you have with mercury; the more the aspects, the higher will be your personality and consciousness.
The closest aspect is of vital importance since it is the need of reflective mind to have more aspects to be able to expand. The attention of the native remains focused depending on the positioning of the houses.
It is the receiver of messages from god to human beings while also serving as the internal link that communicates between our personality and the innermost soul; moreover, it also maintains a link between the mundane and the external self.
In effect, it symbolizes those channels of communication and the perceptions of sense that is utilized by the divine spark resident within us, which represents our true self, to organize and direct the internal infrastructure of the body just like a well oiled machine.
This link remains intact till such time that the personality is rational and balanced but ceases when a person loses his sanity, the vital communication link from the divine spark within but there are other doors to communicate through; the eyes and the ears still remain active for the almighty to communicate his wishes to us and talk to us.
Mercury is the ruler of:
- The senses (as differing from sense organs),
- The skin,
- The shoulders, arms and the hands,
- The lungs and the respiratory system,
- The nervous system, and
- Communications as a whole.
Thus, it symbolizes all the means of communication like TV, Radio, writing, Oratory and written communications.
Moreover, it also signifies:
- Siblings (particularly sisters),
- Logical rationalizing,
- Reasoning powers,
- Assimilation of education,
- Power of perception, and
- Undertaking short journeys.
Mercury is a planet that goes retrograde:
- For three week periods,
- It happens three or four times in a year, and
- The occurrence of the retrograde mercury is in 20% i.e. one-fifths of all charts.
- Note: Mars is retrograde in 10% i.e. one-tenth of all charts while Venus retrograde occurs in about 7% of all charts which translates to one-fourteenth of all charts.
When your Mercury is retrograde, there appears an Rx sign against the numbers indicating its position; they may appear something like 26*.10’ Rx in the charts.
The natives who have retrograde Mercury need to be extra careful while dealing with data; it should be analyzed and then disseminated; comments may irritate a native because they relate to everything personally.
Zodiac signs ruled
There are two rashis ruled by Mercury:
- Virgo: wherein it collects data, processes it, forms opinions and chooses what to do with it, and
- Gemini: For thought processes and communications wherein it compares, perceives and links.
Own sign (Rashi) are Gemini and Virgo.
Own day is Wednesday.
Direction is north.
Orbiting time for each Zodiac sign is 25 days.
Orbiting time for complete Zodiac is 10 months.
Main Features Intelligent, hence called Budh (clever).
Nature is mixed.
Color is Light Green and Green.
Friendly Planets are Rahu, Venus and Sun.
Enemy Planet is Moon.
Neutral Planets are Jupiter, Saturn and Mars..
Exalted in Virgo.
Debilitated in Pisces.
Favorable Metals is Lead.
Precious Stone is Emerald.
If well placed it gives a good position, clever mind, Business acumen and the native can be a good mathematician.
If adversely place it gives the native an irritating and arrogant nature.
Body parts ruled The nervous system and skin.
Diseases given by Mercury Skin ailments, Obsessive nature and giddiness.